### Characterization of Lattices Induced by (extended) Chip Firing Games

*Clémence Magnien, Ha Duong Phan, Laurent Vuillon*

#### Abstract

The Chip Firing Game (CFG) is a discrete dynamical model used in physics, computer science and economics. It is known that the set of configurations reachable from an initial configuration (this set is called the

*configuration space*) can be ordered as a lattice. We first present a structural result about this model, which allows us to introduce some useful tools for describing those lattices. Then we establish that the class of lattices that are the configuration space of a CFG is strictly between the class of distributive lattices and the class of upper locally distributive (or ULD) lattices. Finally we propose an extension of the model, the*coloured*Chip Firing Game, which generates exactly the class of ULD lattices.Full Text: GZIP Compressed PostScript PostScript PDF original HTML abstract page