DMTCS Proceedings, 25th International Conference on Formal Power Series and Algebraic Combinatorics (FPSAC 2013)

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Asymptotic properties of some minor-closed classes of graphs

M. Bousquet-Mélou, K. Weller


Let A be a minor-closed class of labelled graphs, and let Gnn be a random graph sampled uniformly from the set of n-vertex graphs of A. When n is large, what is the probability that Gnn is connected? How many components does it have? How large is its biggest component? Thanks to the work of McDiarmid and his collaborators, these questions are now solved when all excluded minors are 2-connected. Using exact enumeration, we study a collection of classes A excluding non-2-connected minors, and show that their asymptotic behaviour is sometimes rather different from the 2-connected case. This behaviour largely depends on the nature of the dominant singularity of the generating function C(z) that counts connected graphs of A. We classify our examples accordingly, thus taking a first step towards a classification of minor-closed classes of graphs. Furthermore, we investigate a parameter that has not received any attention in this context yet: the size of the root component. This follows non-gaussian limit laws (beta and gamma), and clearly deserves a systematic investigation.

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