### Hopcroft's automaton minimization algorithm and Sturmian words

*Jean Berstel, Luc Boasson, Olivier Carton*

#### Abstract

This paper is concerned with the analysis of the worst case behavior of Hopcroft's algorithm for minimizing deterministic finite state automata. We extend a result of Castiglione, Restivo and Sciortino. They show that Hopcroft's algorithm has a worst case behavior for the automata recognizing Fibonacci words. We prove that the same holds for all standard Sturmian words having an ultimately periodic directive sequence (the directive sequence for Fibonacci words is (1,1,…)).

Full Text: GZIP Compressed PostScript PostScript PDF